300 historias de palabras: Cómo nacen y llegan hasta by Espasa Calpe

March 10, 2017 | Linguistics | By admin | 0 Comments

By Espasa Calpe

¿De dónde viene l. a. palabra «adefesio»? ¿Cómo los angeles palabra «chusma» puede venir del griego, donde significaba «orden»? ¿Por qué «hortera»se ha convertido en un insulto? Las palabras encierran una curiosa historia que narra su viaje en el tiempo y en el espacio, y el español es especialmente rico en historias de palabras. La historia de nuestra lenga está llena de préstamos del latín, el griego, el árabe, el vasco, el francés o el inglés, que se han adaptado en su forma y muchas veces también en su significado. Por otra parte, l. a. expansión del español en el mundo, especialmente en América, ha hecho que muchas palabras cobren significados propios en otros países.A través de three hundred ejemplos curiosos y sorprendentes recorremos el viaje de las palabras desde su origen hasta sus usos actuales.

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Lyons 1977, 174, 197–206, esp. 204. While a strict structuralist view holds that a description of sense relations exhausts the description of meaning, this is not the majority view (Löbner 2002, 85). Along with intra-lingual ‘sense,’ any relationship that a word has with the ‘real’ (extra-lingual) world is also an aspect of its meaning. Lyons identifies two kinds of extra-lingual relationship. The denotation of an expression is its correspondence with classes of entities in the external world; while the reference of a referring expression is its identification of a particular extra-lingual entity (Lyons 1995, 78–79).

In biblical studies, see Berlin 1985; introduction to Muraoka 1998; Aitken 2003. 3 Cf. Lyons 1977, 174, 197–206, esp. 204. While a strict structuralist view holds that a description of sense relations exhausts the description of meaning, this is not the majority view (Löbner 2002, 85). Along with intra-lingual ‘sense,’ any relationship that a word has with the ‘real’ (extra-lingual) world is also an aspect of its meaning. Lyons identifies two kinds of extra-lingual relationship. The denotation of an expression is its correspondence with classes of entities in the external world; while the reference of a referring expression is its identification of a particular extra-lingual entity (Lyons 1995, 78–79).

Barr 1961, 1962, 1968. 3 Lexicography refers to “the art or practice of writing dictionaries,” while lexicology is “that branch of knowledge which treats of words, their form, history, and meaning” (OED; cf. van der Merwe 2004, 119 n. 2). While there is a great deal of overlap between them, lexicology is properly a subdiscipline of linguistic semantics, whereas lexicography also concerns itself with pragmatic issues that are not necessarily within the scope of lexicology. ’ 4 In terms of New Testament Greek lexicography, see John Lee’s sensitive historical critique, and particularly his analysis of the flaws in different editions of Bauer’s famous lexicon (Lee 2003).

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