By Thomas D Boston
This paintings brings jointly for the 1st time the information, philosophies and interpretations of North America's top African American economists, demonstrating that racial inequality has had a major effect on African american citizens' day-by-day lives.
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Additional info for A Different Vision: African American Economic Thought
Thus, this segregated market, serving as a protective tariff, was the foundation for black businesses. However, blacks did not have exclusive hold on black consumers. Firms catering to the general market (especially sellers of automobiles and other durable goods) always tried to attract black buyers. This competition also served to restrict the opportunities open to black firms. 30 BLACKS IN THE AMERICAN ECONOMY Black businesses at the end of segregation The model of black business evolution described above had been thoroughly validated by the time official racial segregation ended in the mid-1960s.
The research showed that, in the past, the pattern of expenditures among blacks had diverged sharply from that of the general population. This divergence had resulted from a number of circumstances, but low incomes and the restrictions of racial discrimination had been principally responsible. Because of low incomes, the typical black family had to spend a somewhat larger proportion of its paycheck for basic necessities – such as food, clothing, and housing – than white families. Because of limited access to public accommodations, blacks tended to entertain more at home than white families in the same income group.
One was open to the white public essentially without limitations, and whites were able to purchase both goods and services with complete freedom of choice. For blacks, however, access to this general market was extremely restricted. They enjoyed considerable freedom of choice in the purchase of goods (except housing), but a wide range of services (particularly personal services) offered in the general market was not available to them. Therefore, a second market emerged. This was basically a black consumer market, and local retailing and the provision of personal services lay at its core.