By Donka Minkova
Phonological evolution is a big part of the general heritage of the language; the subject material is either major by itself phrases and appropriate in curricular phrases. This e-book describes the segmental and prosodic alterations within the heritage of English, presents analyses of those adjustments either as phonological occasions and with regards to the evolution of interlocking points of previous English and highlights the relevance of the subjects and probably generate additional curiosity through projecting old phonological swap onto Present-Day English and its forms. the improvement of the English sound procedure is one of the most sensible studied a part of the background of the language, despite the fact that no up to date, student-friendly survey exists: this ebook fills the space.
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Additional resources for A Historical Phonology of English
The British Raj (1858–1947) fostered the development of Indian English; today South Asia is one of the three largest English-using regions in the world. The establishment of the Cape Colony in 1806 in what is now South Africa and the arrival of American-Liberians in West Africa in 1822 resulted in new Englishlanguage communities in Africa. Today, in addition to Liberia, English is the official language of administration in many otherwise multilingual African countries: Botswana, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Swaziland, The Gambia, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Consistency or inconsistency of spelling is another fairly good measure of the stability of a particular pronunciation. This presupposes that prior to the introduction of printing and the codification of spelling there was a high degree of letter-to-sound matching – a safe general assumption, though the details, especially the ME details, can falsify such expectations. The variability of spelling and the abandonment of some forms can also be harnessed for phonological reconstruction. Thus the dropping of orthographic
6 The low back unrounded vowel /ɑ/ for LOT, PALM is a generalisation for values ranging from the front upper low [æ] to the low back [ɒ]. 7 Salient regional or ethnic differences will be highlighted in Chapters 6–8. 4 is an IPA diacritic indicating that the vowel is long; all other vowels are short. : Taken literally, ‘length’, or ‘quantity’, refers to the physical duration of vowels. A reference to vowel length as a contrastive feature works well for languages like Classical Latin, where the differences between the vowels are assumed to have been based on duration.