A History of the Korean Language by Ki-Moon Lee, S. Robert Ramsey

March 10, 2017 | Linguistics | By admin | 0 Comments

By Ki-Moon Lee, S. Robert Ramsey

A historical past of the Korean Language is the 1st ebook at the topic ever released in English. It lines the beginning, formation, and diverse old levels wherein the language has handed, from outdated Korean via to the current day. each one bankruptcy starts with an account of the ancient and cultural history. A finished checklist of the literature of every interval is then supplied and the textual list defined, besides the script or scripts used to put in writing it. ultimately, each one degree of the language is analyzed, providing new info supplementing what's identified approximately its phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexicon. the intense alphabetic fabrics of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries are given specified realization, and are used to make clear past, pre-alphabetic sessions.

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Sample text

Here is the form the entry in volume 37 took: 買忽 一云 水城 38 The formation of Korean The first transcription, 買忽, was an attempt to represent the sounds of the Koguryo˘ name using phonograms. ’ The second transcription, in other words, invited the reader to ignore the Chinese sounds associated with the characters and to read them as native words. This method of reading characters is called hun 訓 by Koreans (in Japan that same type of reading is called kun). The important thing to keep in mind here is that the two transcriptions in volume 37 represented two different ways of writing exactly the same name.

2 The Ha´n languages Turning to the south, the Wei portrayed the peoples there as significantly different from the Puyo˘ and Koguryo˘. The Ha´n groups were not nearly so far along in the process of state formation; they were farther from the Chinese not only geographically but in their customs and lifestyles, too. The Wei survey divided them into three general groups, the so-called “Three Ha´n”: the Mahan, the Chinhan, and the Pyo˘nhan (which were also called the Pyo˘njin). The Mahan communities, which were the most numerous, were found in the southwest and as far north as modern Kyo˘nggi; the Chinhan were in the southeast; the Pyo˘nhan were also in the southeast and living among the Chinhan, but some of their communities were found west of the Chinhan beyond the Naktong River.

This method of reading characters is called hun 訓 by Koreans (in Japan that same type of reading is called kun). The important thing to keep in mind here is that the two transcriptions in volume 37 represented two different ways of writing exactly the same name. Volume 35, on the other hand, was different. Unlike the names in volume 37, the names given in volume 35 reflected what had happened historically after the Three Kingdoms period, in the Unified Silla and Koryo˘ periods. In the Three Kingdoms period, the structure of place names had often been radically different from one place to another, and that remained true well after Silla had effected its unification of the peninsula in 668.

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