By Martin Posthumus
Novegradian is an artificially built language, an scan in language improvement and evolution set opposed to an alternate his- torical timeline. In engaged on it, I sought to create whatever life like, a language which can conceivably be visible as a modern day sibling to the opposite Slavic languages of jap Europe. The contents of this grammar weren't easily created out of skinny air; it concerned loads of examine into the opposite Slavic languages, their improvement, and the historic linguistic heritage of the wider Slavic language relations, in addition to the Uralic languages that have been characteristically spoken within the related territory because the actual outdated Novgorodian and my very own glossy Novegradian. lots of the inherited vocabulary used to be hand-derived from reconstructed universal Slavic, believed to be the ancestor of all of the modern day Slavic languages. loads of inspiration and energy was once placed into actually each observe of this language. it's been a proj- ect of 4 years on the time of writing, and that i desire that point is mirrored within the caliber of the product.
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Additional info for A reference grammaer of the Novegradian language. Довѣднике по граматикѣ новеградескаево лизика
Several changes brought about by this reform parallel the reforms of Russian happening at the same time: the complete abandon- 36 S e ct i o n 3: W r i t i n g ment of Greek letters and silent yers. However, Ѣ remained, as unlike in Russian it still represented a distinct sound. The Russian letter Ё was adopted for /jo/, which under the Russian system could only be represented with the awkward sequence йо. The letter Ғ was introduced, for the first time distinguishing /γ/ from /g/ orthographically.
The vast majority of second conjugation verbs with -ѣ- as the infinitive theme vowel are intransitive. Many have transitive historical counterparts with -и-, though sound changes predating Common Slavic have since obscured these pairs: горѣти gorě́ ti “burn (intr)”, жарити źáriti “make jealous”3; родѣти rodě́ ti “blush”4, рудити rudíti “embarrass”5. • Third conjugation verbs that appear to have the infinitive theme vowel -ѣ- actually have the stative suffix -ѣй- -ěi-. These verbs are typically derived (fairly transparently) from nouns or adjectives and mean “be ADJ” or “have NOUN”: омѣти omě́ ti “know how to” (from оме óme “intellect”).
N/, like other dental consonants, becomes palatalized [nʲ] before stressed front vowels. The palatal nasal /ɲ/ is pronounced [ɲ] in all dialects; the realization [nʲ] is not permitted by any standard, although it nevertheless may occasionally be heard. 5 Affricates Novegradian has two native affricates, /ts dz/, and one loan affricate, /tʃ/. All of these behave as though they were a single consonant; this can be emphasized by writing a tiebar above them in phonetic transcription, although for the sake of simplicity this will not be done here unless it is necessarily to contrast the affricates /t͡s d͡z/ from the sequences of discrete phonemes /ts dz/.