A simplified grammar of the Pali language by E. Müller

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By E. Müller

Excerpt from A Simplified Grammar of the Pali Language

It will be really misplaced in an trouble-free Gram mar to go into right into a lengthy dialogue in regards to the age and starting place of the Pali language. a couple of phrases at the topic can be enough: Kuhn, following Westergaard, holds Pfili to be the vernacular of Ujjein, the capital of Mz'ilava on the time whilst Mahinda, the son of Asoka, took the sacred Canon with him to Ceylon (beitrage, p. however, Oldenberg, rejecting that culture, considers Pali to be the unique language of the Kalinga nation (vinaya pitaka, creation, p. Liv). He compares the language of the big inscription at Khandagiri (cunningham, Corpus Inscriptionum, i. And unearths in basic terms little or no distinction among this and the pah. From this he con cludes that there should have been, a couple of hundred and fifty years ahead of Mahinda, a common sex among Kalinga and the island; in truth, that the faith, including its language, was once introduced over from there to Ceylon.

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Extra resources for A simplified grammar of the Pali language

Example text

In kdyura = keyura, ' p. 147. bracelet,' C. v. 2, 1, 437. iii. becomes (3) It prasevaka, = before double consonants, as in pasibbaka= i = ' ' ubbilla = mleccha (comp. milakkha in 327), and in some verbal forms ' * bag ; pativissaka prativeaka, neighbouring udvela in ubbillabhdva, lengthiness,' Saddhammopa; ' yana 136 ; but also before single ones, as abhijihana from jeh, 49, according to Trenckner, Pali Misc. 78 ; apavi- Jat. 546, v. nati, Jat. 409, v. 4, from ven ; pahinaka and pahenafca, ' offer- ing,' Prak.

20, 21 often doubled, as in ossajjctti ; and even a simple consonant = avasrij, ' to give kamdna = avasarpamana, 'scattered,' Jat. rana = abhyavakirana, covering,' and, with abbJiukkirati. Jat. The ii. 139; i. ' ' up ossak- ; abbliokki- change of o to u, 311. cases of change of quantity are by no means yet ex- We have by the rules and examples given above. numerous instances where the change is due entirely to the hausted metre, and others again where no reason try in the sequel to keep separate as two cases, is visible.

574. kanikdra Jat. ' ii. = karnikara, 25 ; and 'sorrow,' Dh. Dh. v. 83; putha v. ' PALI 6EAMMAE. 20 6. Nasal Vowels. The anusvara or niggahita can stand before every consonant, mav also migrate into the * So you may write TcumJcwna or kui'ikuma, samcarati or sancarati, samdasa or sanddsa, tamdita but before an explosive sound it nasal of the corresponding class. or tandita, kambala or kambala. In the first instance, how- usual to transcribe the nasal by a Before // the anusvara simple n without any diacritical sign.

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