By Michael Bradie
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Extra resources for Action and Responsibility
I find it extremely difficult to understand how this young man can, in vir~ tue of this change of attitude towards himself, and notbing else, berendered exempt from moral responsibility for his acts of theft. We are supposed to believe he was morally responsible when he too k his Iife for granted and was content with his Iot, and is absolved from responsibility just because he questions his Iife style. If it is absurd to regard his awakening to the apparent potentialities of his situation and the resultant disaffection with his former Iife as a sufficient reason to exempt him from responsibility, either forpastor present criminal acts, we should be more sympathetic with the incompatibilist's and Frankfurt's rejection of autonomy violation as an additional condition of the exemption from moral responsibility.
A similar point is made by Harry G. Frankfurt, "Coercion and Moral Responsibility," Essays on Freedom of Action, ed. T. Honderich (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1973), pp. 65-86. 10. Audi, 1-14. Il. Audi's definition of "compulsion" makes it an evaluative notion too. But our critique is not affected by this consideration. 12. P. S. Greenspan, "Behavior Control and Freedom of Action," Philosophical Review, LXXXVII, No. 2 (April, 1978), 225-40. 13. Frankfurt, p. 77. 14. Frankfurt, "Three Concepts of Free Action: Il," Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society: Supplementary Vol.
I concede that my argument will hear a certain structural resemblance to various arguments for the incompatibility of free will and determinism, but that is neither here nor there: the concept of free will will not figure in my argument. I In the remainder of this paper, I shall often drop the word 'moral' and speak simply of reponsibility. But I mean my remarks about responsibility to apply only to moral responsibility. I do not claim, for example, that everytbing I say about "responsibility" istrue of legal responsibility.