By Cristiana Barreto (auth.), Cristóbal Gnecco, Carl Langebaek (eds.)
The papers during this e-book query the tyranny of typological considering in archaeology via case stories from a number of South American international locations (Venezuela, Colombia, Bolivia, Argentina, and Brazil) and Antarctica. they target to teach that typologies are unavoidable (they are, finally, how one can create networks that provide meanings to symbols) yet that their tyranny may be conquer in the event that they are used from a severe, heuristic and non-prescriptive stance: severe as the complacent angle in the direction of their tyranny is changed via a militant stance opposed to it; heuristic simply because they're used as skill to arrive substitute and suggestive interpretations yet no longer as final and sure destinies; and non-prescriptive simply because rather than utilizing them as threads to keep on with they're particularly used as constitutive components of extra complicated and connective materials. The papers incorporated within the publication are different in temporal and locational phrases. They hide from so known as Formative societies in lowland Venezuela to Inca-related ones in Bolivia; from the coastal shell middens of Brazil to the megalithic sculptors of SW Colombia. but, the papers are similar. they've got in universal their shared rejection of confirmed, naturalized typologies that constrain the way in which archaeologists see, forcing their interpretations into popular and predictable conclusions. Their ingenious interpretative proposals flee from the safe convenience of venerable typologies, many suspicious as a result of their organization with colonial political narratives. as a substitute, the authors suggest novel methods of facing archaeological data.
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Additional info for Against Typological Tyranny in Archaeology: A South American Perspective
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The archaeology of forest foraging and agriculture in Amazonia. In C. Barreto & E. Neves Unknown Amazon (pp. 50–84). London: The British Museum Press. , & McGuire, R. (1991). The archaeology of equality and inequality. Annual Review of Anthropology, 18, 369–399. Perota, C. (1974). Resultados preliminares da região central do Estado do Espírito Santo. Publicações Avulsas do Museu Parense Emílio Goeldi, 15, 140–162. Petersen, J. , Neves, E. , Heckenberger, M. J. (2001). Gift from the past: Terra preta and prehistoric Amerindian occupation in Amazonia.
This evidence coupled with some indicators of warfare and of frequent village merging and fissioning led researchers to speculate about loose (and perhaps ephemeral) horizontal settlement hierarchies 14 C. Barreto based on different regional arrangements, such as warfare alliances, supravillage lineage solidarity, and trade networks, different than the concentration of power in strong vertical hierarchies as thought for Amazonian chiefdoms (Wüst and Barreto 1999). Implications of this data for the Amazonian “standard model” and ecological models are twofold.