By Mirela Bogdani
Whilst will Albania sign up for the ecu? Will accession support Albania to accomplish prosperity, balance and prosperity? What components are aiding it in the direction of this finish and what components are retaining it again? An unique learn of Albania and its relatives with the ecu, this is often the 1st e-book to spot and examine the issues of the rustic because it strikes in the direction of club of the Union. It explores the political, financial and social modifications had to make Albanian club attainable. The authors spotlight the big democratic adjustments that experience happened in post-communist Albania in addition to the numerous hindrances that also stay. This balanced and goal evaluate might be a necessary source for everybody drawn to the background and way forward for the Balkans and the ecu.
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Additional info for Albania and the European Union: The Tumultuous Journey Towards Integration and Accession (Library of European Studies)
By 1924, Ahmed Zogu finally defeated his enemies (including the more progressive elements, such as Fan Noli) and smothered the fledgling democracy. Zogu came to power mainly with the support of Yugoslavia. However, after his victory, he in turn began making claims on territory settled by Albanians in Yugoslavia. Meanwhile, Benito Mussolini had come to power in Italy in 1922 and the Italian state had its eyes on Albania as a foothold for the creation of a new Italian empire in the region. Zogu turned to the Italians for support against Yugoslavia and, in 1925, the Italian-backed ‘Society for the Economic Development of Albania’ was created.
In the same way as in Mediterranean societies such as Sicily, southern Italy, Greece and Corsica (Loughlin, 1987 and 1992) Albanian society is based on the notion of the ‘honour’ of the family, which leads to the violence of the vendetta if this ‘honour’ is violated. This means that there is a sub-culture of violence subverting any attempt to create a civil society based on the rule of law, which is one of the prerequisites of a democratic system. Furthermore, again like in other societies of this region, this culture perverts formal political and administrative institutions by transforming them into instruments of cronyism, nepotism and clientelism.
By this point, Albania and King Zog were, in effect, puppets of the Italian Fascist State and Albania was turned into a semi-protectorate of Italy. The friendly relationship ended in 1939 when Italian forces invaded Albania and Zog fled with his family to Greece. Italians controlled Albania during most of the Second World War until November 1944, when the communist partisans led by Enver Hoxha took over the country. Economic legacy Albania had a very low socio-economic starting point in the 1990s, with a background as the poorest country in Europe, considered by some as the ‘Somalia of Europe’.