By W. Taylor Fain (auth.)
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Extra info for American Ascendance and British Retreat in the Persian Gulf Region
American policymakers may have disapproved of British imperial pretensions in the Gulf and resented their ally’s unsuccessful attempts to forestall the 28 AMERICAN ASCENDANCE AND BRITISH RETREAT American political ascendancy in Saudi Arabia during the war, but they realized that Britain could play an important stabilizing role in the Persian Gulf region in the Cold War. S. S. planners felt Britain should play the leading role in directing the military defense of the Middle East. S. ”54 At the same time, American officials drew up their own plans to defend the region in time of war.
S. men-of-war in the Mediterranean, the Indian Ocean, and the western Pacific. S. 56 Forrestal carried the navy’s concern for Persian Gulf oil with him when he became Secretary of Defense in September 1947. S. Navy, American contingency plans for the defense of the Middle East in the late 1940s did not place a particularly high priority on safeguarding the oil “TOLL-GATES OF EMPIRE” 29 fields of the Persian Gulf. The Middle East was, indeed, a strategically vital region of the world in the eyes of American military planners, but its value consisted of more than just its considerable petroleum reserves.
British and American diplomacy in the Persian Gulf region unfolded against a backdrop of traditional rivalries and animosities completely unrelated to the commercial, imperial, and Cold War concerns of London and Washington. Frequently, local rulers attempted to enlist the aid and influence of their great-power patrons in Britain and the United States as they strove to gain advantage over one another and to assert age-old interests. -British diplomatic relationship. While Britain and the United States remained firm allies and cooperated closely in Europe, where they agreed fully on the danger of Soviet communism to Western interests, their relationship became more complicated in other parts of the world.