By Walt Wolfram, Natalie Schilling
The new version of this vintage textual content chronicles fresh step forward advancements within the box of yank English, masking neighborhood, ethnic, and gender-based differences.
- Now followed through a better half web site with an intensive array of sound records, videos, and different on-line fabrics to reinforce and illustrate discussions within the text
- Features fresh chapters that disguise the very most recent issues, similar to degrees of Dialect, nearby forms of English, Gender and Language edition, the applying of Dialect examine, and Dialect know-how: Extending program, in addition to new routines with on-line answers
- Updated to comprise dialect samples from a much broader array people regions
- Written for college kids taking classes in dialect reviews, variationist sociolinguistics, and linguistic anthropology, and calls for no pre-knowledge of linguistics
- Includes a thesaurus and wide appendix of the pronunciation, grammatical, and lexical gains of yankee English dialects
Read Online or Download American English: Dialects and Variation PDF
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Extra resources for American English: Dialects and Variation
The history of American English does not begin with the initial arrival of English speakers in the Americas. Some of the dominant characteristics can be traced to dialect differences that existed in the British Isles before the British colonization of America. Others can be traced to varieties that arose in language contact situations in areas such as the Caribbean and the west coast of Africa. The earliest English‐speaking inhabitants came from different parts of the British Isles, where dialects were already in place.
The durable imprint of language structures brought to an area by the earliest groups of people forging a new society in the region is referred to as the founder effect. For example, the use of an ‐s ending on verbs with plural subjects, as in The dogs barks, in varieties of Southern Appalachian speech today, is probably attributable to a founder effect from the English variety of the Ulster Scots as well as Northern England, as is the use of anymore in positive sentences such as we watch a lot of Netflix anymore.
At the same time, these studies attempted to trace the settlement patterns of various groups of English speakers in America through dialect differences, as a kind of history. Further, these studies noted the distribution of forms in different social categories of speakers as a kind of sociology. It is easy to see how dialect differences can be seen as a natural extension of a number of different fields within the social sciences since these differences are so integrally related to all aspects of human behavior.